Nytt papper om juristerna och den politiska liberalismen i Sverige

Varför har advokater och domare spelat en så obetydlig roll i utvecklingen av den politiska liberalismen i Sverige? Det är frågan jag ställer i ett nytt arbetspapper, som analyserar det så kallade rättskomplexets roll i Sveriges politiska historia under 200 år.

Här är abstractet:

In recent decades, a multidisciplinary research programme has developed the concept of the legal complex, to capture how lawyers and judges, and the broader legal profession, sometimes emerge as a key collective actor in struggles for constrained government, basic civil liberties, and an independent civil society. However, within this research programme, Sweden, along with the other Nordic states, seems to pose an anomaly. Until only very recently, judges and lawyers, acting in the capacity of their profession, have played no determinative part in struggles for a liberal political society in Sweden. Addressing this theoretical puzzle, this paper explores the role of the legal complex in the expansion of political liberalism in Sweden over the past two centuries during four historical periods: (1) the emergence of the liberal Rechtsstaat in the nineteenth century; (2) the breakthrough of democracy and the social democratic welfare state; (3) the drastic constitutional reforms in the 1970s; and (4) the slow return to political liberalism since the 1980s. I conclude by arguing that the Swedish case suggests that political liberalism is a pre-condition for lawyers’ and judges’ political activism, rather than the other way around.

Pappret, som ligger ute i fulltext på min SSRN-sida, ska ingå i en volym som utforskar rättskomplexets roll i kampen för individuella rättigheter i de fem nordiska staterna. Under året har jag presenterat pappret vid tre olika tillfällen: Senter for profesjonsstudier vid Høgskolen i Oslo og Akershus, Förvaltningshögskolan vid Göteborgs universitet och vid en författarworkshop vid Centre for the Study of Law and Society, University of California Berkeley.

Jag tar fortsatt tacksamt emot kommentarer.

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